Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948


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Author Paul Keres. Sample Pages. Add to Cart. We ship all over the world Expert customer service Money-back guarantee. Skip to the end of the images gallery. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery. More Information. DVD per TV. Libri italiani. Libri esteri. Libri 2a mano italiani. Libri 2a mano esteri. Libri Rari. Libri da 9,99 o meno. Tutti i software di scacchi. Anche i nuovissimi Komodo 12, Houdini 6, Fritz Programmi di gioco. DVD monografici apertura. DVD monografici varie. CD Periodici. DVD in italiano.

DVD in inglese. Se avete dei dubbi, non esitate a contattarci! In legno. In plastica. Giganti, da esterno. Scatole e contenitori per scacchi. Scacchiere in legno. Scacchiere in plastica. Scacchiere didattiche. Tavolini con scacchiera. Scacchiere elettroniche per tutti i gusti e per tutte le tasche! Modelli per principianti a partire da Euro 59, Modelli portatili. Modelli da tavolo. In them, his genius manifests itself; through them, his vices force themselves upon the world.

Paul Keres: World Chess Championship 1948

His tortured nerves lead him into narcotics and make him surrender himself to wine and liquor. He longs for the life of a gentleman and as a consequence pursues pecuniary interests. He marries a few times without his soul being involved, seeking only riches and power.


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Whoever resists him is his enemy, and whoever covets his world title and wants to take it away from him becomes the object of his hatred. Outside of chess he, with all his demonic characteristics, is congenial and fascinating by his total surrender to everything that interests his mind.

His absolute self-obsession, which a normal human being is simply unable to comprehend, at the same time renders the egocentric Alekhine unable to care about the needs, happiness, joy or sorrow of others. His attitude toward the world around him is so naive that he is incapable of understanding whether he has done evil or good. He merely acts in response to the instincts of his predatory nature, and in certain respects one cannot possibly hold him responsible for the outrageous things that he has done.

For these reasons he is also extremely naive in political issues, and completely subject to the dictates of the moment. Uncertain, he gropes between the fear of a regime that has driven him into foreign exile and his yearning to be finally invited to a tournament in Moscow.

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Today he says this, tomorrow that, but always with the same fervor. He cooperates with the Germans, but I just fled France to escape from the Germans, although I still have a castle and I am prepared to play the Russian grandmaster Botvinnik or the Jew Reshevsky for the world title.

I already have a visa for Cuba in my pocket, and from there I will go to New York. We will soon meet there. This caused Alekhine to go to the other extreme. I had hardly arrived in New York when I was given the sensational news in both the Marshall and the Manhattan clubs that Alekhine had returned to France and had started publishing a series of abusive articles which progressed from attacks on Jewry in chess to bemoaning the Bolshevization of chess. Alekhine was now backing the other horse, betting on victory for the Germans. Although everyone who knew him was aware that Alekhine, for all his shortcomings, had never evinced any sign of anti- Semitism and had certainly not expressed his own true opinion, it was generally agreed that such a person could no longer be recognized as world champion.

For the chess world, too, there exists something higher than the most beautiful immortal game; for the chess movement, too, there is such a thing as honor.

The Hague-Moscow Match/Tournament for the World Chess Championship

This is where the first seeds for a championship tournament to fill the vacancy of the world title were sown. Reuben Fine was the first person to express this thought, first among his friends and then in a long article in the New Yorker Chess Review. He was full of optimism at the time, and convinced that he would be able to find a few hundred people in America prepared to donate one hundred dollars each to make it possible to organize a tournament.

He telegraphed Botvinnik and contacted the Russian authorities. Fine was also the first person, as far as we know, who energetically took the initiative in this matter.

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The Hague-Moscow 1948: Match/Tournament for the World Chess Championship

It strikes one, therefore, as somewhat tragic that, just when the goal he had been working towards for so many years had been reached, he withdrew from the tournament just a few days before the start. No doubt there are deeper causes behind this withdrawal; it is the conscious or unconscious expression of the disappointment Fine had felt during his many years of trying to bring his plan to fruition. For he was not long in finding out that things were not as simple as he had imagined. The first question to be answered was what attitude to take toward Alekhine, but it turned out to be impossible to come to an agreement on this.

Fine, utterly loyal, was happy to leave the decision to his fellow grandmasters.

Chess Championships (1948)

The only unalterable demand would have to be that such a tournament be held, and that Alekhine not be allowed either to decide in this matter or to select his opponents. A year of back-and-forth discussions started. Arguments, debates for and against, sessions, Opinions were divided; the debate was no longer about including or excluding Alekhine, but also about the fundamental question of whether the championship should be decided in a match or a tournament. One issue became irrevocably clear whatever was going to happen: as far as the Russians were concerned, Alekhine was finished.

The statements in the Russian press did not leave any room for doubt about this.

PDF The Hague-Moscow Match/Tournament for the World Chess Championship

Alekhine himself, all things considered a deeply unhappy man with all the black spots in his character, had retired to Spain towards the end of the war. Meanwhile it had also become clear that his chess abilities had also reached their nadir; he even failed to score decent results against weak Spanish opponents. This meant that the world championship was now held by hands that were already impotent. When Hastings continued the illustrious tradition of its Christmas tournament at the turn of the year , Alekhine had originally been among the invited participants.

Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948
Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948 Match-Tournament for the World Chess Championship 1948

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