Baekeland began work to improve photographic film, and in he established the Nepera Chemical Company to manufacture Velox paper, a film of his invention which could be handled in the light. In he sold out to the leading firm in the field, Eastman Kodak.
He used his money to set up his own private industrial research laboratory in a converted barn behind his home in Yonkers, N. At this laboratory Baekeland began a large number of experiments covering a range of subjects. One of these was an attempt to produce a synthetic shellac by mixing formaldehyde and phenolic bodies. Other experimenters had worked with these two substances, and it was known that the interaction was greatly influenced by the proportions used and the conditions under which they were brought together. Baekeland failed to synthesize shellac but instead discovered Bakelite, the first successful plastic.
Baekeland's new material did not suffer from any previous defects. Using temperatures much higher than previously thought possible, he developed a process for placing the material in a hot mold and adding both pressure and more heat so that a chemical change would take place, transforming the material in composition as well as shape. He patented the process in and formed the Bakelite Corporation the following year to market the material. Bakelite soon became very successful and was widely used in industry as a substitute for hard rubber and amber, particularly in electrical devices.
In Baekeland became a professor by special appointment at Columbia University. He retired from the company in He died of a cerebral hemorrhage in a sanatorium in Beacon, New York in Leo Baekeland was called "The Father of the Plastics Industry", best known for the inventions of Velox photographic paper and Bakelite. His Bakelite was the first plastic, that retained its shape after being heated. He also developed a stronger diaphragm cell for the chloralkali process, his improvements were important for the construction of one of the world's largest electrochemical plants, at Niagara Falls.
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He held more than patents, including processes for the separation of copper and cadmium, and for the impregnation of wood. They had three children, George, Nina, and Jenny. Notify me before the end of the auction. More pictures. Details: nail, modelones, starter, lamp, mini, dryer, polishml, base, coat, manicure. Delivered anywhere in Ireland. More pictures Amazon. Details: shellac, starter, pack, value, original, small, nude, edition, free, world.
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